wifi antenna satellite

What Type of WiFi Antenna Do You Need?

There are a handful of things that you need to take into account when planning to deploy a wireless LAN (WLAN) solution within your home or office building facility. The first and foremost, the most obvious factor you need to take into account here is the RF or radio frequency coverage your space will require.

This comes together with the design and size of your facility which are the determining factors needed to identify the number or amount of wireless access points that will be needed to provide your space with that coverage. The second important consideration here is the selection of the wireless antenna most appropriate for the desired coverage.

In any wireless client device or access point setup, the wireless antenna is one of its most important components. This has something to do with the fact that the main function of the antenna is to identify how radio signals would be propagated. Alongside that also is they determine the radiation pattern they need to produce, together with the amount of gain they will create.

wifi antenna satellite

As for the radiation pattern, it may come as isotropic. This signifies that the signal produced by the antenna will be radiated in all directions, hence the name Omni-directional antenna. Now concerning the antenna siting, if we don’t need isotropic radiation pattern then perhaps we may opt for an antenna that optimizes its radio signal in a particular direction only.

Many countries from around the world have rolled their respective ruling that will regulate the amount of power or energy that a wireless antenna can be allowed to transmit. This is usually measured in 1 Watt alongside Omni-directional antennas with 6dBI gain. As for the directional antennas, it will be 23dBi. The underlying reason why these restrictions are in place is that those measures are intended to help in reducing the amount of possible interference that is likely to occur between you and other users within a specific frequency band.

What is WiFi Antenna Gain?

Antenna gain refers to the level of effective signal power that an antenna can be increased with any given input power. This can be measured out in decibels or dB and calculated based on the logarithmic scale. For instance, a 3dB increase will stand as a representation for doubling power. Say we have a 25 milliwatt input, this will likely produce us a 50 milliwatt output.

Below are some types of antenna and we can expect them to perform.

As previously stated, it is normal for this type of antenna to come up with an isotropic radiation pattern, we refer to it as a “doughnut-shape”. It is worth noting that a legitimate isotropic antenna has a natural tendency to be purely theoretical. Other Omni-directional types of antennas are comparable to an isotropic design.

Vertical Omni

Vertical omnidirectional WiFi antennas are patterned after a dipole design, where the dipole antenna pattern radiation is 360 degrees when set on a horizontal plane. As for the vertical plane, this will vary with respect to the dipole, being if it is vertical or not. A vertically oriented dipole antenna usually comes with a 75-degree pattern. Dipole antennas are believed to have an average gain of little over 2dB.

Directional Antennas

Radiating and reflecting elements are integrated into a standard dipole design, this measure will help in centering the signal energy in a particular direction only. Directional antennas provide gain over standard isotropic antennas between 3dB to as high as 20dB.

Yagi Antennas

These types of antennas are considered as high gain antennas. They usually come with multiple reflectors and would be radiating elements to give gain levels ranging from 12 to 20dB. They are often utilized for outdoor antenna applications and will normally come with a horizontal beamwidth of 30 degrees. As for its vertical beamwidth, it can come between 15-25 degrees.

Top GPS Antennas for 2019

How Do You Install GPS Antennas to Your Car?

We have a handful of simple rules to follow when it comes to the use and the installation of external GPS antennas for cars, particularly those that are equipped with an in-dash navigation receiver. One rule of thumb to know is that no matter what happens, never try to cut or make any kind of physical alteration to the antenna.

Paramount also to the proper functioning of optimal GPS antennas is that they should always remain in constant contact with GPS satellites. These man-made satellites that are orbiting the earth from outer space provide the necessary data needed by these antennas. Otherwise, the information you will obtain from them will always be questionable in terms of accuracy and reliability. For this reason, you need to mount them in such a manner that its signal won’t be suffering from interference.

Ideally, the external type of GPS antenna can be mounted near the top of your dash, particularly on the underside. Nowadays, satellite signals are so strong which is sufficient in maintaining reliable reception. Aside from this, it will also help in keeping the antenna out of the line of sight.  

Wire connections

If your receivers are equipped with a video screen, they are likely to require several extra wire connections that are not necessary to have in non-touchscreen stereos. Let us delve deeper at every single one of them.

Reverse Signal Wire Connections

A handful of navigation systems also allow for connection to your car’s reverse signal wire (backup light). Making use of this connection will signify your vehicle’s navigation system when it is moving or traveling in a reverse direction. Without hooking up this wire, your vehicle direction is not likely to track properly. Hence, your external GPS antenna is not going to efficiently deliver its expected function.

There are instances that the reverse wire can be located under the hood or the dash. For this, it is better that you refer to your vehicle’s dedicated wiring diagram just so you will correctly identify it. It is much easier and more convenient to tap into it, particularly at the taillight.

Parking Brake Wire Connection

For safety concerns, if the car is equipped with a video screen at the front, it should be connected to the wire for the parking brake. The same thing also applies to GPS systems, too. Sometimes, the more highly advanced navigation functionality is unusable as they’re disabled while the vehicle remains in motion.

Say for instance that you want to search out a particular phone number or make some changes to the unit’s default settings, you are necessitated to pull over first before access to it can be made available to you again. In rare cases, a foot brake connection would be necessary.

car navigation
Car Navigation

Use Connectors for Wired Connections

When it comes to wired connections, connectors will provide you with secure and quick twist-on connections. Besides, they can be reused over and over, too. For these types of connections, you’ll want to tap into currently existing wires sans the need to make alterations or cutting it.

This is one effective way you can get strong connections, fast and easy. Soldering or crimping are also considered good alternatives if you feel you are at greater ease and more comfortable in using those methods instead.

The installation of an in-dash GPS receiver may require a few more extra steps beyond the usual stereo installation.